The Northern Cape’s flamingos
Both Greater and Lesser Flamingos occur at several Northern Cape wetlands, with Kamfers Dam, Spitskop Dam and the Orange River estuary supporting permanent populations of these birds. Kamfers Dam (the large perennial wetland just north of Kimberley) probably supports the largest permanent population of Lesser Flamingos in southern Africa. Several ephemeral wetlands, including those in the Karoo, Bushmanland and Kalahari are used by flamingos when inundated. Greater Flamingos have successfully bred at several wetlands in the Northern Cape, while Lesser Flamingos have only attempted to breed at Kamfers Dam. During September 2006 an artificial flamingo breeding island was constructed by Ekapa Mining at Kamfers Dam. Lesser Flamingos have already built nests and laid a few eggs on the island, but the breeding attempt was unsuccessful. If Lesser Flamingos breed at Kamfers Dam this wetland will become the fourth breeding locality for the species in Africa and the fifth in the world.
More information about flamingos in the Northern Cape can be obtained from the following article:
ANDERSON, M.D. 2000. The status of flamingos in the Northern Cape Province, South Africa. Ostrich 71: 431-434.
Information about the conservation status of flamingos in South Africa can be obtained from the following red data book texts:
ANDERSON, M.D. 2000. Greater Flamingo. In: The Eskom Red Data Book of Birds of South Africa, Lesotho & Swaziland. Barnes, K.N. (ed.). BirdLife South Africa, Johannesburg.
ANDERSON, M.D. 2000. Lesser Flamingo. In: The Eskom Red Data Book of Birds of South Africa, Lesotho & Swaziland. Barnes, K.N. (ed.). BirdLife South Africa, Johannesburg.